FORTY SAHIH HADITH ON FASTING

FORTY SAHIH HADITH ON FASTING

AN-NIDAA ACADEMY

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ

Hadith 1
Fasting is a pillar of Islam
عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم: بُنِيَ الإِسْلاَمُ عَلَى خَمْسٍ شَهَادَةِ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ، وَإِقَامِ الصَّلاَةِ، وَإِيتَاءِ الزَّكَاةِ، وَالْحَجِّ، وَصَوْمِ رَمَضَان۔
Ibn Umar – may Allah be pleased with them – narrated that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: “Islam is built upon five (pilllars):
1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ).
2. To establish Salah.
3. To pay Zakat.
4. To perform Hajj.
5. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan.”
Reference: Bukhari 8
Commentary: Islam is compared with a building. A building can stand only on strong foundation pillars; thus, Islam has five pillars without which no one can sustain his Islam.

Hadith 2
Fasting is obligatory in the month of Ramadan
عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، أَنَّ أَعْرَابِيًّا، جَاءَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثَائِرَ الرَّأْسِ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَخْبِرْنِي مَا فَرَضَ اللَّهُ عَلَىَّ مِنَ الصِّيَامِ فَقَالَ شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ، إِلاَّ أَنْ تَطَّوَّعَ شَيْئًا ۔
Talha bin Ubaid-Ullah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated:
A bedouin with unkempt hair came to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and said, “0 Allah’s Messenger! Inform me what Allah has made compulsory for me as regards fasting.” He replied, “You have to keep fast during the whole month of Ramadan, unless you want to fast more as optional.”
Reference: Bukhari 1891
Commentary: Allah Almighty says: “O believers! Fasting is prescribed for you—as it was for those before you —so perhaps you’ll attain Taqwa” [Surah Baqarah 183]

Hadith 3
Reward for fasting
عن أبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم‏ ‏ قَالَ اللَّهُ كُلُّ عَمَلِ ابْنِ آدَمَ لَهُ إِلاَّ الصِّيَامَ، فَإِنَّهُ لِي، وَأَنَا أَجْزِي بِهِ‏‏۔
Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Allah said: ‘Every deed of the son of Adam is for him except fasting; it is for Me and I shall reward for it.”
Reference: Bukhari 1904
Commentary: One interpretation of the statement “It is for me” is that Fasting is such an Ibaadah that has no pomp and show attached to it, whereas there is the fear of this in other Ibaadah like Salat, zakaat, Hajj, etc. This is why Fasting is directly attributed to Allah Ta’ala.
The phrase “I shall reward for it” also implies that the reward for all Ibaadah is awarded via the medium of the angels, but the reward for Fasting is awarded directly by Allah Ta’ala without any medium. Some have mentioned that the reward for Fasting is so great that only Allah Ta’ala can comprehend it; hence Allah Ta’ala Himself will distribute it.

Hadith 4
Fasting is a shield as long as you don’t damage it
قَالَ أَبُو عُبَيْدَةَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ: الصَّوْمُ جُنَّةٌ مَا لَمْ يَخْرِقْهَا۔
Abu Ubaidah – may Allah be pleased with him – said:
“I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) say: “Fasting is a shield (against the fire) as long as you do not damage it (by committing sins during fasting).”
Reference: Nasai 2230
Commentary: “Fasting is a shield” because it protects a person from indulging in the fulfilment of desires, thus shielding him from the Hell-Fire, which is surrounded by desires.

Hadith 5
Nothing is equal to fasting
عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَىُّ الْعَمَلِ أَفْضَلُ قَالَ: عَلَيْكَ بِالصَّوْمِ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ عِدلَ لَهُ۔
Abu Umamah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated that he asked the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ):
“Which deed is best?” He replied, “Observe fasting, for there is nothing equal to it (in reward).”
Reference: Nasai 2219

Hadith 6
Virtue of fasting in the way of Allah
عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، – رضى الله عنه – قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ: مَنْ صَامَ يَوْمًا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بَاعَدَ اللَّهُ وَجْهَهُ عَنِ النَّارِ سَبْعِينَ خَرِيفًا۔
Abu Sa’id al-Khudri – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated that I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) say:
“He who observes fast for a day in the path of Allah, He would remove his face from the Hell to the extent of seventy years’ distance.”
Reference: Muslim 1153
Commentary: According to some scholars, “In the path of Allah” may refer to any activities in the path of Allah ﷻ such as Hajj, Umrah, or to propagate the word of Allah ﷻ.

Hadith 7
Two pleasures for the fasting person
عَن أبِيى هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم: لِلصَّائِمِ فَرْحَتَانِ يَفْرَحُهُمَا إِذَا أَفْطَرَ فَرِحَ، وَإِذَا لَقِيَ رَبَّهُ فَرِحَ بِصَوْمِهِ ‏۔
Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: There are two pleasures for the fasting person, one at the time of breaking his fast, and the other at the time when he will meet his Lord; then he will be pleased because of his fasting.
Reference: Bukhari 1904
Commentary: The Hadith states that there are two pleasures for the fasting person. One pleasure will be at the time of breaking the fast; after the day’s sacrifice of hunger and thirst, he rejoices in the blessings of Allah Ta’ala. Some say that this happiness refers to his completing an Ibaadah, thereby fulfilling a Divine Decree.
The second pleasure that the fasting person will experience will be the reward he will receive from Allah Ta’ala personally. These two pleasures are the stations of extreme joy; one is the joy of fulfilling a Devine Decree, and the other is the joy of being rewarded for it.

Hadith 8
Ar-Raiyan is for those who observe fasts
عَنْ سَهْلٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ‏: إِنَّ فِي الْجَنَّةِ بَابًا يُقَالُ لَهُ الرَّيَّانُ، يَدْخُلُ مِنْهُ الصَّائِمُونَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، لاَ يَدْخُلُ مِنْهُ أَحَدٌ غَيْرُهُمْ يُقَالُ أَيْنَ الصَّائِمُونَ فَيَقُومُونَ، لاَ يَدْخُلُ مِنْهُ أَحَدٌ غَيْرُهُمْ، فَإِذَا دَخَلُوا أُغْلِقَ، فَلَمْ يَدْخُلْ مِنْهُ أَحَدٌ ۔
Sahl – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “There is a gate in Paradise called Ar-Raiyan, and those who observe fasts will enter through it on the Day of Resurrection and none except them will enter through it. It will be said, ‘Where are those who used to observe fasts?’ They will get up, and none except them will enter through it. After their entry the gate will be closed and nobody will enter through it.”
Reference: Bukhari 1896
Commentary: Ar-Raiyan is specifically reserved for those who fast. This demonstrates the honour that is remarked for those who fast.

Hadith 9
The gates of heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed
عَن أَبي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم‏:‏ إِذَا دَخَلَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ فُتِّحَتْ أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاءِ، وَغُلِّقَتْ أَبْوَابُ جَهَنَّمَ، وَسُلْسِلَتِ الشَّيَاطِينُ‏۔
Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of the heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.”
Reference: Bukhari 1899
Commentary: This hadith can be taken in a literal sense; that previous to Ramadhan, they were closed, and during this month, they are kept open. Some mentioned that this could be taken in a figurative sense; through the blessings of the Ibaadah during this month, the believer will enter Jannah.

Hadith 10
Previous sins will be forgiven
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم: قَالَ مَنْ صَامَ رَمَضَانَ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ ‏‏‏۔
Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Whoever fasts in the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.”
Reference: Bukhari 1901
Commentary: By the blessings of fasting in Ramadan, all minor sins are forgiven; as for major sins, they require sincere repentance.

Hadith 11
Controlling the tongue and desire while fasting
عَن أبِيى هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم: وَ إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ صَوْمِ أَحَدِكُمْ، فَلاَ يَرْفُثْ وَلاَ يَصْخَبْ، فَإِنْ سَابَّهُ أَحَدٌ، أَوْ قَاتَلَهُ فَلْيَقُلْ إِنِّي امْرُؤٌ صَائِمٌ‏۔
Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: If one of you is fasting, he should avoid obscene speeches and quarreling, and if somebody quarrels or fights with him, he should say, ‘I am fasting.’
Reference: Bukhari 1904
Commentary: The objective of the month of Ramadhan is not only that a person remains hungry and thirsty; the true objective of this month is that the believer abstains from sin and engage in an abundance of Ibadaah in order to acquire the pleasure of Allah Ta’ala. One should also bear the taunts of people with patience.

Hadith 12
Whoever does not give up forged speech and evil actions
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ مَنْ لَمْ يَدَعْ قَوْلَ الزُّورِ وَالْعَمَلَ بِهِ فَلَيْسَ لِلَّهِ حَاجَةٌ فِي أَنْ يَدَعَ طَعَامَهُ وَشَرَابَه۔
Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Whoever does not give up forged speech and evil actions, Allah is not in need of his leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allah will not accept his fasting.)”
Reference: Bukhari 1903
Commentary: Lying is a great sin. Lying originates from the tongue; therefore, in the state of fasting, one should guard the tongue. The word قول الزّور in the Hadith does not only refer to lying but It also refers to backbiting, slandering, etc.
“Allah is not in need..” This is actually a warning of non-acceptance. That is when the servant does not carry out the fast correctly, then Allah Ta’ala will not accept his fasting.

Hadith 13
Fasting is not only from eating and drinking
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم: إِنَّ الصِّيَامَ لَيْسَ مِنَ الأَكْلِ وَالشُّرْبِ فَقَطْ إِنَّمَا الصِّيَامُ مِنَ اللَّغُوِ وَالرَّفَثِ فَإِنْ سَابَّكَ أَحَدٌ أَوْ جَهِلَ عَلَيْكَ فَقُلْ إِنِّي صَائِمٌ۔
Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: “Verily, fasting is not only from eating and drinking. Rather, fasting is from idle talk and obscenity. If someone abuses you or acts foolish against you, then say: Indeed, I am fasting.”
Reference: Sahih ibn Hibban 3479
Commentary: Fasting is not merely to abstain from food and drink. Fasting demands that a person abstain from all evil actions. Amongst the etiquettes of fasting are to abstain from immoral speech, fighting, and obscene behaviour. For the perfection of one’s fast, one should protect one’s gaze, ears, tongue, and limbs.

Hadith 14
Some people will get no reward for their fast
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم: رُبَّ صَائِمٍ لَيْسَ لَهُ مِنْ صِيَامِهِ إِلاَّ الْجُوعُ ۔
Abu Hurairah – may Allah be pleased with him – narrated:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “There are people who fast and get nothing from their fast except hunger”
Reference: Ibn Majah 1690
Commentary: In the interpretation of this hadith, some scholars have said that the one who breaks the fast by haram food was meant in the hadith. According to some, it means a person who breaks his fast with gossiping and backbiting. Some say that the person who does not protect the limbs from sin was meant in the hadith.

Hadith 15
Fasting on a journey is optional
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ـ رضى الله عنها ـ زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّ حَمْزَةَ بْنَ عَمْرٍو الأَسْلَمِيَّ قَالَ لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَأَصُومُ فِي السَّفَرِ وَكَانَ كَثِيرَ الصِّيَامِ‏.‏ فَقَالَ: إِنْ شِئْتَ فَصُمْ، وَإِنْ شِئْتَ فَأَفْطِرْ ‏۔
Aisha – may Allah be pleased with her – narrated:
Hamza bin Amr Al-Aslami asked the Prophet, “Should I fast while traveling?” The Prophet (ﷺ) replied, “You may fast if you wish, and you may not fast if you desire.”
Reference: Bukhari 1943
Commentary: It is preferable for travelers not to fast if fasting would harm them. If it would not harm them, then fasting is better.

Hadith 16
Expiation for breaking a fast in Ramadan with no reason
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَمَرَ رَجُلاً أَفْطَرَ فِي رَمَضَانَ أَنْ يُعْتِقَ رَقَبَةً أَوْ يَصُومَ شَهْرَيْنِ أَوْ يُطْعِمَ سِتِّينَ مِسْكِينًا۔
Abu Hurairah narrated:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) commanded the person (who) broke the fast in Ramadan to free a slave or observe fasts for two (consecutive) months or feed sixty poor persons.
Reference: Muslim 1111

Hadith 17
The punishment for breaking the fast in Ramadan without a valid reason
عن أبي أُمَامَةَ الْبَاهِلِيِّ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ: بَيْنَا أَنَا نَائِمٌ إِذْ أَتَانِي رَجُلَانِ فَأَخَذَا بِضَبْعَيَّ فَأَتَيَا بِي جَبَلًا وَعْرًا فَقَالَا لِيَ: اصْعَدْ فَقُلْتُ: إِنِّي لَا أُطِيقُهُ، فَقَالَا: إِنَّا سَنُسَهِّلُهُ لَكَ، فَصَعِدْتُ حَتَّى إِذَا كُنْتُ فِي سَوَاءِ الْجَبَلِ إِذَا أَنَا بأَصْوَاتٍ شَدِيدَةٍ فَقُلْتُ: مَا هَذِهِ الأَصْوَاتُ؟ قَالُوا: هَذَا عُوَاءُ أَهْلِ النَّارِ، ثُمَّ انْطُلِقَ بِي فَإِذَا أَنَا بِقَوْمٍ مُعَلَّقِينَ بِعَرَاقِيبِهِمْ، مُشَقَّقَةٌ أَشْدَاقُهُمْ، تَسِيلُ أَشْدَاقُهُمْ دَمًا، قَالَ: قُلْتُ: مَنْ هَؤُلَاءِ؟ قَالَ: هَؤُلَاءِ الَّذِينَ يُفْطِرُونَ قَبْلَ تَحِلَّةِ صَوْمِهِمْ۔
Abu Umaamah al-Baahili narrated:
I heard the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) say: “Whilst I was sleeping two men came to me and took me by the arm and brought me to a cragged mountain. They said, ‘Climb up.’ I said, ‘I cannot.’ They said, ‘We will make it easy for you.’ So I climbed up until I was at the top of the mountain. Then I heard loud voices. I said, ‘What are these voices?’ They said, ‘This is the howling of the people of Hell.” Then I was taken until I saw people hanging by their hamstrings, with the sides of their mouths torn and blood pouring from their mouths.’ I said, ‘Who are these?’ He said, ‘These are people who broke their fast before the time for Iftar”
Reference: Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah 1986
Sahih Ibn Hibbaan 7491

Hadith 18
Suhur has blessing in it
:عَن أَنَسَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏تَسَحَّرُوا فَإِنَّ فِي السَّحُورِ بَرَكَةً ‏۔
Anas bin Malik narrated:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Take Suhur as there is a blessing in it.”
Reference: Bukhari 1923
Commentary: The Hadith states that there is barakah in Sehri. One of the ways of acquiring barakah is that one gains strength during the day owing to the Sehri meal and this makes the fast easier.

Hadith 19
Don’t miss the Suhur
عَنْ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ، صَاحِبِ الزِّيَادِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ الْحَارِثِ، يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ، مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهُوَ يَتَسَحَّرُ فَقَالَ: إِنَّهَا بَرَكَةٌ أَعْطَاكُمُ اللَّهُ إِيَّاهَا فَلاَ تَدَعُوهُ۔
‘Abdullah bin Al-Harith narrated that a man from among the Companions of th Prophet (ﷺ) said:
“I entered upon the Prophet (ﷺ) when he was having Sahur. He said: ‘It is a blessing that Allah has given to you, so do not miss it.”
Reference: Nasai 2162
Commentary: The Hadith emphasises partaking in Sehri. Sehri is Mustahab and not obligatory. If one only drinks a sip of water, the reward of Sehri will be acquired, and the Mustahab act will be fulfilled. If one keeps fast without having Sehri, the fast will be valid.

Hadith 20
Fast does not break with unintentional eating
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ:‏ إِذَا نَسِيَ فَأَكَلَ وَشَرِبَ فَلْيُتِمَّ صَوْمَهُ، فَإِنَّمَا أَطْعَمَهُ اللَّهُ وَسَقَاهُ ‏۔
Abu Hurairah narrated:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “If somebody eats or drinks forgetfully then he should complete his fast, for what he has eaten or drunk, has been given to him by Allah.”
Reference: Bukhari 1933
Commentary: If a person ate or drank forgetfully that he was fasting, then he should complete the fast as normal. The fast is valid, and there is no need for qadha. This is the view of the majority.

Hadith 21
Vomiting intentionally breaks the fast
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم: مَنْ ذَرَعَهُ قَىْءٌ وَهُوَ صَائِمٌ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ قَضَاءٌ وَإِنِ اسْتَقَاءَ فَلْيَقْضِ۔
Abu Hurairah narrated:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: if one has a sudden attack of vomiting while one is fasting, no qadha is required of him, but if he vomits intentionally he must make qadha.
Reference: Abu Dawud 2380

Hadith 22
Providing the food for a fasting person to break his fast
عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ الْجُهَنِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم: مَنْ فَطَّرَ صَائِمًا كَانَ لَهُ مِثْلُ أَجْرِهِ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ لاَ يَنْقُصُ مِنْ أَجْرِ الصَّائِمِ شَيْئًا۔
Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhani narrated:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Whoever provides the food for a fasting person to break his fast with, then for him is the same reward as his (the fasting person’s), without anything being reduced from the reward of the fasting person.”
Reference: Tirmidhi 807
Commentary: In another hadith, The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Whoever provides Iftar for a fasting person in it (Ramadan), then that shall be a forgiveness for his sins and freedom from the Fire.” [Ibn Khuzaimah]

Hadith 23
The virtue of hastening Iftar
عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ: ‏لاَ يَزَالُ النَّاسُ بِخَيْرٍ مَا عَجَّلُوا الْفِطْرَ ‏۔
Sahl bin Sa’d narrated:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “The people will remain on the right path as long as they hasten the breaking of the fast.”
Reference: Bukhari 1957
Commentary: It is Mustahab to do Iftar immediately after sunset.

Hadith 24
Dua at the time of Iftar
عَن ابْن عُمَر قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا أَفْطَرَ قَالَ: ذَهَبَ الظَّمَأُ وَابْتَلَّتِ الْعُرُوقُ وَثَبَتَ الأَجْرُ إِنْ شَاءَ الله ‏۔
Ibn Umar said:
The Prophet (ﷺ) used to say, when breaking his fast: “Dhahabaz-zamã ‘u wabtallatil-‘uruqu wa thabatal-ajru in sha’Allah (meaning: the thirst is gone, and the veins are quenched, and the reward is assured – if Allah wills).”
Reference: Abu Dawud 2357

Hadith 25
What is recommended to break the fast with
عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم: ‏مَنْ وَجَدَ تَمْرًا فَلْيُفْطِرْ عَلَيْهِ وَمَنْ لاَ فَلْيُفْطِرْ عَلَى مَاءٍ فَإِنَّ الْمَاءَ طَهُورٌ ‏۔
Anas bin Malik narrated that:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Whoever has dried dates, then let him break the fast with that, and whoever does not, then let him break the fast with water, for indeed water is purifying.”
Reference: Tirmidhi 694

Hadith 26
Standing in prayer in Ramadan
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ: مَنْ قَامَ رَمَضَانَ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ۔
Abu Hurairah narrated:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: “Whoever establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah’s rewards (not for showing off), all his past sins will be forgiven.”
Reference: Bukhari 37

Hadith 27
Praying with the Imam until he finished during the night of Ramadan
عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ قَالَ، قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ‏ صلى الله عليه وسلم: إِنَّهُ مَنْ قَامَ مَعَ الإِمَامِ حَتَّى يَنْصَرِفَ كُتِبَ لَهُ قِيَامُ لَيْلَةٍ ‏۔
Abu Dharr narrated:
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ‘Indeed, whoever stands (praying i.e., Taraweeh) with the Imam until he finished, then it is recorded for him that he prayed the whole night.
Reference: Tirmidhi 806

Hadith 28
Generosity and Quran recitation during Ramadan
أَنَّ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ قَالَ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَجْوَدَ النَّاسِ بِالْخَيْرِ، وَكَانَ أَجْوَدُ مَا يَكُونُ فِي رَمَضَانَ، حِينَ يَلْقَاهُ جِبْرِيلُ، وَكَانَ جِبْرِيلُ ـ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ ـ يَلْقَاهُ كُلَّ لَيْلَةٍ فِي رَمَضَانَ حَتَّى يَنْسَلِخَ، يَعْرِضُ عَلَيْهِ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْقُرْآنَ، فَإِذَا لَقِيَهُ جِبْرِيلُ ـ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ ـ كَانَ أَجْوَدَ بِالْخَيْرِ مِنَ الرِّيحِ الْمُرْسَلَةِ‏۔
Ibn Abbas narrated:
The Prophet (ﷺ) was the most generous amongst the people, and he used to be more generous in the month of Ramadan when Jibreel visited him, and Jibreel used to meet him on every night of Ramadan till the end of the month. The Prophet (ﷺ) used to recite the Holy Qur’an to Jibreel, and when Jibreel met him, he used to be more generous than a fast wind” (His hasting and speed to be generous was faster than the wind)
Reference: Bukhari 1902

Hadith 29
When to seek laylatul Qadr
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ـ رضى الله عنها ـ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ تَحَرَّوْا لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ فِي الْوِتْرِ مِنَ الْعَشْرِ الأَوَاخِرِ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ۔
Aisha narrated:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Search for the Night of Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan.”

Reference: Bukhari 2017

Hadith 30
Reward for praying in Laylatul Qadr
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم: مَنْ قَامَ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ ‏۔
Abu Hurairah narrated:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: Whoever stands (in prayer) on the Night of Al-Qadr out of faith and seeking a reward (from Allah), his previous sins will be forgiven.”
Reference: Bukhari 1901

Hadith 31
The prohibition of fasting on the two days of eid
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، – رضى الله عنه – أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَهَى عَنْ صِيَامِ يَوْمَيْنِ يَوْمِ الأَضْحَى وَيَوْمِ الْفِطْرِ ‏۔
Abu Hurairah (Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) forbade fasting on these two days, Eid-ul-Adha and Eid-ul-Fitr.
Reference: Muslim 1138

Hadith 32
Fasting is forbidden on days of At-Tashreeq
عَنْ نُبَيْشَةَ، الْهُذَلِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم: أَيَّامُ التَّشْرِيقِ أَيَّامُ أَكْلٍ وَشُرْبٍ ‏۔
Nubaisha al-Hudhali reported:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:
“The days of At-Tashreeq (11th, 12th and 13th of Dhu’l-Hijjah) are the days of eating and drinking.”
Reference: Muslim 1141

Hadith 33
Permissibility of making up the fasts of Ramadhan before the commencement of the coming Ramadhan
عَنْ أَبِي، سَلَمَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عَائِشَةَ، – رضى الله عنها – تَقُولُ كَانَ يَكُونُ عَلَىَّ الصَّوْمُ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ فَمَا أَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ أَقْضِيَهُ إِلاَّ فِي شَعْبَانَ الشُّغُلُ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَوْ بِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏۔
Abu Salama reported:
I heard ‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) as saying: “I would owe Ramadan fasts, and I would not be able to make them up until Sha’bân. Because of being busy with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, or for the Messenger of Allah”
Reference: Muslim 1146

Hadith 34
Fasting of 6 days in Shawwal after Ramadan
عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الأَنْصَارِيِّ، – رضى الله عنه – أَنَّهُ حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ: مَنْ صَامَ رَمَضَانَ ثُمَّ أَتْبَعَهُ سِتًّا مِنْ شَوَّالٍ كَانَ كَصِيَامِ الدَّهْرِ۔
Abu Ayyub al-Ansari reported:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:
“He who observed the fast of Ramadan and then followed it with six (fasts) of Shawwal. it would be as if he fasted the whole year”
Reference: Muslim 1164

Hadith 35
Fasting on every Monday and Thursday
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَتَحَرَّى صَوْمَ الاِثْنَيْنِ وَالْخَمِيسِ۔
Aisha narrated:
“The Prophet (ﷺ) used to try to fast on Mondays and Thursdays.”
Reference: Tirmidhi 745
Commentary: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) also said, “Deeds of people are presented (to Allah) on Mondays and Thursdays. So, I like that my actions be presented while I am fasting.” [Tirmidhi]

Hadith 36
Fasting three days of every month
عَنْ جَرِيرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ: صِيَامُ ثَلاَثَةِ أَيَّامٍ مِنْ كُلِّ شَهْرٍ صِيَامُ الدَّهْرِ وَأَيَّامُ الْبِيضِ صَبِيحَةَ ثَلاَثَ عَشْرَةَ
وَأَرْبَعَ عَشْرَةَ وَخَمْسَ عَشْرَةَ ۔
Jarir bin Abdullah narrated:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said:
“Fasting three days of each month is fasting for a lifetime, and the shining days of Al-Bid are: the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth.”
Reference: Nasai 2417

Hadith 37
Virtue of Fasting on the day of Arafah
عَنْ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم: صِيَامُ يَوْمِ عَرَفَةَ إِنِّي أَحْتَسِبُ عَلَى اللَّهِ أَنْ يُكَفِّرَ السَّنَةَ الَّتِي قَبْلَهُ وَالَّتِي بَعْدَهُ ۔
Abu Qatadah narrated:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:
“Fasting on the Day of ‘Arafah, I hope from Allah, expiates for the sins of the year before and the year after.”
Reference: Muslim 1162

Hadith 38
Fasting in the month of Muharram
عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، – رضى الله عنه – يَرْفَعُهُ قَالَ سُئِلَ أَىُّ الصَّلاَةِ أَفْضَلُ بَعْدَ الْمَكْتُوبَةِ وَأَىُّ الصِّيَامِ أَفْضَلُ بَعْدَ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَقَالَ: أَفْضَلُ الصَّلاَةِ بَعْدَ الصَّلاَةِ الْمَكْتُوبَةِ الصَّلاَةُ فِي جَوْفِ اللَّيْلِ وَأَفْضَلُ الصِّيَامِ بَعْدَ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ صِيَامُ شَهْرِ اللَّهِ الْمُحَرَّمِ۔
Abu Hurairah reported:
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “The most excellent fast after (fasting) in the month of Ramadan is the fast in Allah’s month al-Muharram.”
Reference: Muslim 1163

Hadith 39
Virtue of Fasting on the day of Ashura (10th Muharram)
عَنْ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم: صِيَامُ يَوْمِ عَاشُورَاءَ أَحْتَسِبُ عَلَى اللَّهِ أَنْ يُكَفِّرَ السَّنَةَ الَّتِي قَبْلَهُ ۔
Abu Qatadah narrated:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “I hope from Allah that fasting on the day of Ashura may expates for the sins of the preceding year.”
Reference: Muslim 1162

Hadith 40
Fasting in the month of Sha’ban
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ أُمِّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ، – رضى الله عنها – أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ مَا رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم اسْتَكْمَلَ صِيَامَ شَهْرٍ قَطُّ إِلاَّ رَمَضَانَ وَمَا رَأَيْتُهُ فِي شَهْرٍ أَكْثَرَ مِنْهُ صِيَامًا فِي شَعْبَانَ ۔
Aisha, the Mother of the Believers, said:
“I did not see the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) completing the fast of a month, but that of Ramadan, and I did not see him fasting more in any other month than that of Sha’ban.”
Reference: Muslim 1156
Commentary: The Prophet ﷺ would fast most days of the month of Sha’ban.

 

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